God and time


(Clock by Petr Kratochvil, public domain)

By Spencer D Gear

I don’t know if this article will be of interest to those of you who read my writing. It does get a bit philosophically, theologically, and technically challenging in places, ‘A Critique of Grudem’s Formulation and Defense of the Doctrine of Divine Eternity‘, by Christian apologist and philosopher, William Lane Craig (1996).

However, there is a diagram here of Grudem’s understanding of God’s relationship to time that Craig describes as a ‘more adequate account’ of a view of God and time than Grudem (1994) presents in his systematic theology. Here is Grudem’s diagrammatic summary:


While this image is from Craig (1996), he copied it from Grudem (1994:171). It also is in Grudem (1999:77).

Works consulted

Grudem, W 1994. Systematic theology: An introduction to biblical doctrine. Leicester, England: Inter-Varsity Press / Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House.

Grudem, W 1999. Bible doctrine: Essential teachings of the Christian faith. J Purswell (ed). Leister, England: Inter-Varsity Press (published by arrangement with Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Michigan).


Copyright © 2015 Spencer D. Gear. This document last updated at Date: 21 November 2015.